Physics and Astronomy Colloquim: Evan Schneider: "The Physics of Multiphase Galaxy Outflows"

Thursday, September 26, 2019
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM (ET)
Event Type
Lecture
Contact
Masters, Karen L
Department
Astronomy and Physics Faculty
Link
https://ems-web.quaker.haverford.edu/MasterCalendar/EventDetails.aspx?EventDetailId=77005

 Title: The Physics of Multiphase Galaxy Outflows


Abstract: Star-forming galaxies are often observed to host galactic winds - gas that is flowing out of the galaxy in phases ranging from cold molecular clouds to hot X-ray emitting plasma. While these multiphase outflows are routinely observed, theoretically constraining their origin and evolution has proven difficult. Explaining the prevalence and velocities of the cool ionized phase (T~10^4 K) in particular poses a challenge. In this talk, I will discuss a potential dual origin for this cool gas. Through a series of extremely high-resolution simulations run with the GPU-based Cholla code, I will show that in rapidly star-forming galaxies, dense clouds of disk gas can be pushed out by the collective effect of clustered supernovae, explaining the low-velocity material. Subsequent shredding and mixing of these clouds by the hot wind creates gas with intermediate densities and temperatures that is prone to radiative cooling, allowing momentum to transfer between phases and producing high velocity cool gas. In addition to explaining the nature of outflows themselves, these multiphase winds could potentially be a source of the cool photo-ionized gas that is found in abundance in galaxy halos.
 
Talk at 4pm (4.05pm) with tea/cookies to follow in the Strawbridge Observatory. 

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